Learning Disabilities

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What is a Learning Disability


Organizations Concerned with Learning Disabilities
General Resources on Learning Disabilities
UVa's Selected Topical Information about LD
Resources on Dyslexia
Articles and Publications Related to Learning Disabilities

What is a Learning Disability

Definition

The definition provided in US federal code (Section 300.7(c)(10) of 34 CFR Parts 300 and 303):
(i) General. The term means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.
(ii) Disorders not included. The term does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.

The definition used during most of the 1970s and 80s: The term 'children with specific learning disabilities' means those children who have a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations. Such disorders include such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Such term does not include children who have learning problems which are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.

Recurring themes in LD.

TeachingLD.org's basic information about LD

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Organizations for Individuals with Learning Disabiliites and Those Who Work with Them

Division for Learning Disabilities, the largest US organization of professionals who work with learning disabilities. DLD operates TeachingLD.org, a Web site specifically designed to bring trustworthy content to teachers about teaching, effective teaching practices, and other important matters related to learning disabilities.

Professionals in Learning Disabilities (PLD), a Chicago-area not-for-proft organization of teachers and related professionals who work with individuals with learning disabilities

Landmark School for Learning Disabilities

Literacy and Learning Disabilities among adults

The Erickson Learning Center, in Michigan (USA) provides training for parents and teachers of individuals with LD.

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General Resources on Learning Disabilities

TeachingLD.org, where one can get up-to-date info. about LD, instructional methods, conferences, and (for members) detailed recommendations about teaching students with LD.

John Lloyd's chronology documents some historical events in LD

LDOnline, one of the earliest sites on the Web about learning disabilities, includes:

Learning Disabilities On-Line Resources regarding giftedness and LD

Richard Wanderman's site, LDResources not only has good jumps related to LD, but lots of other good material, too.

Resources And Assessment For Adults With Learning Or Reading Problems

A Guide to Learning Disabilities for the ESL Classroom Practitioner

Success Oriented Achievement Realized (SOARNC) provides adventure programs for preteens, teens, and adults with LD

The Website for John Lloyd's course on learning disabilities, including another set of resources.

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Resources on Dyslexia

Adult Dyslexia Organisation

British Dyslexia Association

Dyslexia, The Gift

The Instant Access Treasure Chest

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Articles and Publications Related to Learning Disabilities

NICHCY Connections... to Learning Disabilities

Learning Disabilities Research & Practice is one of the premiere sources of research about learning disabilities. It is a product provided to members of the Division for Learning Disabilities at TeachingLD.org.

TeachingLD.org also offers Current Practice Alerts, a series of brief documents that examine, in non-technical terms, the research basis of many current teaching methods such as Class-wide Peer Tutoring, Social Skills Instruction, Mnemonic Instruction, Reading Recovery, Formative Evaluation, Co-Teaching, Direct Instruction, High-Stakes Assessment, and other topics.

Downloadable copy of Shaywitz et al. 1998 article about differences in brain functioning of individuals with reading problems

Article - Learned Disabilities and Remediation

A Computer Programme for Learning Disabled Children

Peter W. Riffle's book, The Cloud Chaser, about his experiences as a teacher who has LD and who works with students with LD

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